Handy Food and Wine Pairing Charts

Learn the basics of wine.
Red wine with food

Pairing food and wine is one of life's great pleasures. The perfect combination of food and wine approaches the sublime, elevating an ordinary meal to an extraordinary one. Knowing some basics about how to pair foods to wines can help enhance your enjoyment of both.

Food and Wine Pairing Basics

There are some basic rules to successfully matching food and wine. The first and most important rule is this: always drink what you love. Another tip suggests you do not allow the wine to overwhelm the flavors of the food nor do you allow the food to take over the subtle flavor nuances of the wine. Here are some very basic guidelines to pairing your food perfectly with wine:

Matching Weights

This sounds complicated, but it's really very simple. When pairing up food and wine, start by matching the weight of the wine to the weight of the food. Heavier wines like Cabernet and Bordeaux should be paired with heavier (heartier) dishes. Light wines like Pinot Grigio and Riesling should be matched with lighter fare.

Matching Textures

Sweet and spicy dishes accentuate the acidity, astringency and tannic qualities, often referred to as texture of any given wine. Foods high in acids or salt content, tend to dull the textures of wine, which isn't necessarily a bad thing. What you're looking for when pairing food and wine is a delicate balance between the flavors of the wine and the flavors of the food.

When matching textures of food with wine, think about what you want the wine to do to the food and vice versa. For example, if you want to bring out the tannins in a Cabernet Sauvignon, serve it with a sweeter or spicier dish. If you think the tannins in the Cab you plan on serving are too "big," cut them down a bit by serving it with a dish that is a bit salty and bitter.

Easy Food and Wine Pairing Charts

The following food wine pairing charts are by no means comprehensive, there are just so many great pairings! Think of them more as a jumping off point to help you plan your wine and food menu for your next get together.

The Reds

Consider the following match ups for red wines:

Red Wines
Red Varietal Appetizers Main Course Dessert
Cabernet Sauvignon Carpacio, pungent (stinky) cheeses Beef, duck, lamb, lentils Dark and bittersweet chocolate
Merlot Antipasto, aged cheeses Veal, sausage, salmon, tuna, eggplant Raspberry, cherry or other dark berry desserts
Zinfandel Seared Ahi tuna, spicy chicken or beef satay Barbeque, tomato sauce, spicy sausage, duck and beef Dark berry desserts, carrot cake
Pinot Noir Creamy cheeses, pate's, roasted vegetables Veal, chicken, turkey, lean cuts of beef, lamb Berry tart, flourless chocolate cake, crème brulee
Syrah Bruschetta, stuffed mushrooms, tampenade Ham, lamb, pasta with tomato sauce, pizza, barbeque Cherry pie, chocolate mousse

The Whites

Here are some pairing suggestions for white wines:

White Wines
White Varietal Appetizers Main Course Dessert
Chardonnay Scallops, crudite, hummus, mild cheeses Chicken, cream based sauces, pork and seafood Cheesecake, poached light fruit
Sauvignon Blanc Oysters, crab cakes, wild mushroom and goat cheese bruschetta Sea bass, lobster, langoustines, chicken, shrimp Sorbet, key lime pie, lemon meringue pie
Pinot Grigio Ceviche, ahi tuna tartare, antipasto Risotto, grilled chicken, lobster, white sauces, crab Petit fours, apple tart
Riesling Calamari, steamed clams, creamy chesses Roasted chicken, grilled pork, baked ham Light cakes, cream based pie, baked apples

Drink the Wine You Love

The old fashioned rule of red wine with red meat and white wine with white meat is so restrictive and there is really no reason to follow it. The whole idea of pairing wine with food is for the two to complement one another. If you want to drink your bottle of Caymus with a grilled burger, then do it. Try a bottle of Fish Eye Chard with Pad Thai. Great wine always complements great food, so don't be afraid to throw all the guidelines out the window and experiment with what wine and food you think pair well together. As always, you will never go wrong by drinking the wine you love. If you love it, it's more than likely that your guests will love it as well.

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Handy Food and Wine Pairing Charts